Written by April Reinhardt (last updated May 3, 2021)
Often mistaken with simply dry skin, dandruff can be a chronic condition of the scalp discernible by flaking and itching skin, and sometimes accompanied by redness and swelling. Perhaps you've experienced dandruff yourself, or have seen telltale signs of dandruff on others. White flakes on the shoulders of dark clothing indicate that flakes have fallen from the scalp. Underlying causes of dandruff can include infrequent shampooing, contact dermatitis, eczema, fungus, psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, or simple dry skin.
How do you get rid of dandruff? There are several kinds of shampoo available for treating mild cases of dandruff, but some can be quite harsh, creating a dry scalp that leads to more flaking. Dandruff shampoos are generally available as over-the-counter products. If you cannot find them, speak with your pharmacist. You may need to get a doctor's prescription for a dandruff product if over-the-counter remedies don't help. Here are some dandruff shampoos that you can try at home:
If you're uncomfortable using dandruff shampoos, you can try some home remedies and lifestyle changes to help prevent or get rid of dandruff: shampoo more often if you have an oily scalp, add more zinc and Vitamin B to your diet, reduce stress in your life, expose yourself to a little more sunlight, and reduce the amount of hair styling products you use each day.
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